Appendix E

Guidelines for amendments to the list of Reserved and prohibited domain names under the LBDR

(Published: November 15, 2017 - Updated: February 07, 2021 added exired domains with valid trademarks under class 35)

 

This memorandum specifies the guidelines for amendments to Appendix-E1.

 

Adding new names

Whether new names should be reserved, or their registration should be prohibited, is subject to ongoing assessment. These might be new generic domains, for example, if a new category of enterprise should emerge along the lines of AS (a limited-liability company); new geographical names, for example if new municipalities are created; new technical names in connection with the establishment of new services; and so on.

 

If names which may be relevant emerge, an assessment is undertaken in consultation with the LBDR Advisory Board of whether these names fulfil the requirements for inclusion in one of the categories in Appendix E1. LBDR may temporarily prohibit the names until a decision has been made. Notice of the decision that the names are to be added to Appendix E1 is given in the normal way, although for practical reasons the names will also be blocked during the notice period.

 

The addition of new names to the prohibited/reserved list will not have retroactive effect. This means that names that have already been registered will not be removed even if they are added to the list. If the name is deleted later, new registration of the name will however be blocked. Such names cannot be transferred to a new domain name holder either.

 

Taking names into use or removing names

Names that are prohibited

Every year, LBDR carries out an assessment of whether these names should still be prohibited or should be removed from Appendix E1. Any changes are discussed with the LBDR Advisory Board, which can also take the initiative to propose changes.

 

Names that are reserved

Every year, LBDR carries out an assessment of whether these names should still be reserved, should be taken into use or should be removed from Appendix E1. Any changes are discussed with the LBDR Advisory Board, which can also take the initiative to propose changes.

 

A set of guidelines applies to all the names that are in use in the geographical name tree: The prohibited subdomain www may be registered under the geographical domain of a local entity that represents the area named by the domain. The official names of Lebanon are also regarded as geographical names, although there are no plans to include them in the geographical name tree. Instead of permitting registration of the prohibited subdomain www, the entity that represents the area - that is, the Lebanese government - is permitted to register these domains.

 

Process for taking names from the appendix into use or removing names from the appendix

Take a name into use:

Names that are taken into use, for example because they are incorporated in the geographical name tree, keep their status as prohibited or reserved after they are registered. The names can therefore not be transferred to another party.

 

Removing a name:

In all transitions to an amended domain name policy, LBDR has followed a principle of not giving any party preferential rights. This has been done both because it is very difficult to decide which criteria should determine preferential rights, and because in its domain name policy LBDR expressly does not undertake any evaluation of issues concerning rights. In consultation with the LBDR Advisory Board has decided that this principle is to apply when a name is removed from Appendix E1. The actual selection of the transitional mechanism follows two phases:

* Registration is open for 3 months to the Lebanese Trademark owner of the specific domain name in Latin script under class 35 (Internet Advertising)

* After that depending on the volume of applications anticipated as a result of the change the LBDR might register the domains based on First-come-first-served, auctions or drawing lots


 

Appendix-E1:

Reserved and prohibited domain names under the LBDR

 

Appendix E1 specifies reserved and prohibited domain names under the domains that LBDR manages. Reserved names are domain names that are in public use (for example, they form part of the geographical second-level domains) or names that are reserved for later use in this way. Prohibited names are names that may not be registered for various reasons. Guidelines for amendments to Appendix E1

 

Names that are prohibited for technical reasons

These are names that are prohibited because one would expect to find a specific service behind the name, or because registration of the name could cause technical problems.

ftp

localhost

whois

www

dns

epp

lbdr

registry

registrar

 

 

 

Miscellaneous

no   # test zone for DNSSEC

nic  # registry.

Internet

Web

mail

email

post

Postoffice

portal

domain

xxx

Sex

porn

 

 

 

 

Names that are reserved as category second-level domains

These domain names are reserved because they are or may become category second-level domains. To have the status of an existing or future category domain, the category that the domain is to cover must be universally applicable and general, and the domain must be open to all applicants with an affiliation to the category in question.

 

Category second level domains managed by LBDR

priv [private individuals]

int

tv

my

pers

 

 

 

 

Names that are reserved as Generic Names

army

navy

airforce

air-force

airport

police

president

presidents

deputy

deputies

minister

ministers

professor

professors

museum

museums

sport

sports

bank

banks

hotel

hotels

doctor

doctors

dentist

dentists

hospital

hospitals

lawyer

lawyers

architect

architects

director

directors

engineer

engineers

accountant

accountants

auditor

auditors

priest

priests

judge

judges

teacher

teachers

nurse

nurses

art

arts

artist

artists

movie

movies

club

clubs

restaurant

restaurants

shop

shops

casino

 

 

 

 

Names that are reserved as geographical designations

These are names that are in use or reserved for further extension of the geographical second-level domains. For a name to be reserved in this category, it must have geographical significance.

 

Lebanese geographical second and third level domains - Governorates (Muhafazah), Districts (Qada'a), Cities, and villages:

<country Names>

.*lebanon*.

.*liban*.

.*lubnan*.

.*beirut*.

.*beyrouth*.

aaba

aadloun

aalmat

aarjes

aaytit

abadiyeh

abbassieh

abdine

abey-ain-drafil

abeyaindrafil

ablah

abra

achache

achqout

adayseh

adchit

adonis

adousieh

afka

afqa

afsaddik

aghmid

ain

ain-arab

ain-ata,

ain-baal

ain-dara

ain-ebel

ain-ekrine

ain-el-delb

ain-el-ghouayba

ain-el-remmaneh

ain-el-rihaneh

ain-el-saydeh

ain-el-tineh

ain-harcha

ain-jedideh

ain-kani

ain-kanya

ain-kfarzabad

ain-ksour

ain-onoub

ain-qana

ain-wzein

ain-zebdeh

ain-zhalta

ainab

ainarab

ainata

ainata,

ainbaal

ainbal

aindara

ainebel

ainekrine

aineldelb

ainelghouayba

ainelremmaneh

ainelrihaneh

ainelsaydeh

aineltineh

ainharcha

ainjedideh

ainkani

ainkanya

ainkfarzabad

ainksour

ainonoub

ainqana

aintoura

aintourine

ainwzein

ainzebdeh

ainzhalta

aitanite

aitou

aitouleh

ajaltoun

ajdabra

ajed-ibrine

ajedibrine

akabeh

akaybeh

akkar

akoura

al-qalamoun

al-rafid

al-rihan

aley

ali-el-nahri

alielnahri

alma

alma-el-chaab

almaelchaab

almat-souaneh

almatsouaneh

alqalamoun

alrafid

alrihan

amatour

amchit

amioun

ammik

ana

anfeh

annaya-kfarbaal

annayakfarbaal

anout

anqoun

ansar

antelias

arab-ellahib

arabellahib

arabsalim

aramoun

aramoun-el-ghareb

aramounelghareb

aramta

aray

arbet-kozhaya

arbetkozhaya

ardeh

arnoun

arqa

arsal

arzoun

asoun

assia

atrine

aychieh

ayha

aynata

ayta-el-chaeb

ayta-el-fekhar

ayta-el-jabal

aytaelchaeb

aytaelfekhar

aytaeljabal

aytaroun

azour

azra-ozor

azraozor

baabda

baabdat

baakline

baalbeck-hermel

baalbeckhermel

baalbek

baaloul

baasir

baatharan

baawerta

bab-mareh

bablieh

babmareh

badghan

baflaya

baissour

bakhoun

bakifa

ballouneh

bani-hayann

banihayann

barelias

barhelyoun

barich

barja

barka

barouk-freydiss

baroukfreydiss

barsa

barti

baskinta

basloukit

bassatine

bater

batha

batloun

batoulieh

batroumine

batroun

bauchrieh

bayssarieh

bayyad

bazooun

bazourieh

bchaaleh

bchamoun

bcharre

bchetfine

bdadoun

bdebba

bebnin

bechealeh

bechmezzine

bechtlida-fidar

bechtlidafidar

bechwat

beddawi-wadi-nahleh

beddawiwadinahleh

bednayel

bedyass

beino

beirut

beit-chabab

beit-el-fokss

beit-lahia

beit-lif

beit-mery

beit-mounzer

beit-yahoun

beitchabab

beiteddine

beitelfokss

beitlahia

beitlif

beitmery

beitmounzer

beityahoun

bejjeh

bekaa

bekaasafrine

bekaatat-achkout

bekaatatachkout

bekhaaz

bekka

bella

bemkine

bennieh

benweteh

berbara

berjein-mreyjat

berjeinmreyjat

bezhel-mradyeh

bezhelmradyeh

bhairet-toula

bhairettoula

bhamdoun

bhamdoun-el-balda

bhamdoun-el-mhatta

bhamdounelbalda

bhamdounelmhatta

bhannine-artousa

bhannineartousa

bichtlida

bikfaya

bint-jbeil

bintjbeil

bireh

bkaakafra

bkarsouna-kattine

bkarsounakattine

bkassine

bkeftine

bkerkacha

bkesmaya

bkhechtey

bkosta

blat

blatt

blawza

bleibel

blida

bmahray

bnaafoul

bnachii

bodai

borj-el-brajneh

borj-el-chamali

borj-kalaway

borj-rahal

borjelbrajneh

borjelchamali

borjkalaway

borjrahal

boslaya

botme

bouar

bouarej

bourghlieh

bourj-el-moulouk

bourj-hammoud

bourjelmoulouk

bourjhammoud

boustane

braachit

braissat

bramieh

breykaah

brital

brummana

bsaba-el-chouf

bsabaelchouf

bsarma

bserrine

bsharri

bsouss

btadhi

btalloun

btater

bteddine-el-lekech

bteddineellekech

bteghrine

btermaz

bterram

btouratij

byblos

bziza

chaat

chahtoul-jouret-mehad

chahtouljouretmehad

chakra-wa-doubeih

chakrawadoubeih

chameh

chanay

charkiyeh

charoun

chartoun

chawaghir-el-fawka-wal-tahta

chawaghirelfawkawaltahta

chebanieh

chebtine

chehabie

chehim

chehour

cheikh-mohammad

cheikhmohammad

chekka

chemlan

chewyeh

chihine

chiyah

chlifa

chmestar-gharbi-baalbeck

chmestargharbibaalbeck

chnaniir

choueifat

choueir

chouf

choukine

chtaura

chwayya

daher-el-ahmar

daher-el-mghara

daherelahmar

daherelmghara

dalhoun

damour

dar-beechtar

dar-chmezzine

daraoun-harissa

daraounharissa

daraya

daraya-bchennine

darayabchennine

darbeechtar

darchmezzine

dareb-el-sim

darebelsim

dbayeh

debaal

debbieh

debbine

debel

deddeh

deir-amess

deir-ammar

deir-antar

deir-dourit

deir-el-aachayer

deir-el-ahmar

deir-el-ghazal

deir-el-qamar

deir-el-zahrani

deir-kanoun-naher

deir-kanoun-ras-el-ain

deir-koubel

deir-kouche

deir-mimas

deir-nbouh

deir-syriane

deiramess

deirammar

deirantar

deirdourit

deirelaachayer

deirelahmar

deirelghazal

deirelqamar

deirelzahrani

deirkanounnaher

deirkanounraselain

deirkoubel

deirkouche

deirmimas

deirnbouh

deirsyriane

dekwaneh

denbo

derdghaya

dfoun

dhour-elhawa

dhourelhawa

dimane

dlebta

dmit

doueir

douma,-lebanon

douma,lebanon

douriss

ebba

ebel-el-saky

ebelelsaky

eddeh

ehmej

eitat

ejbeh

erkay

faitroun

fakiha-jdeydeh

fakihajdeydeh

falougha

faraya

fardiss

fatka

fatre

ferzol

fghal

fidar

fih

fleweh

fouara

froun

furn-el-chebbak

furnelchebbak

ghalboun

ghandouriyeh

gharife

gharzouz

ghaza

ghazieh

ghazir

ghbaleh

ghbeireh

ghedrass

ghessanieh

ghosta

ghyneh

habbouch

hadath

hadath-baalbek

hadath-el-jebbeh

hadathbaalbek

hadatheljebbeh

hadchit

halat

halba

halbata

halloussieh

hamat

hammana

hanawey

hanine

haql-el-aazime

haqlelaazime

hardine-beit-kassab

hardinebeitkassab

haret-al-fawar

haret-jandal

haret-saida

haretalfawar

haretjandal

haretsaida

hariss

harouf

hasbaya

hasroun

hasrout

hay-el-fikany

hayelfikany

haytoura

hazin

hazmieh

hbariyeh

hboub

hdatha

helwa

helwe

henniye

hermel

hery

hezerta

hisah

hiyata

hjoula

hlalyeh

hmayri

hoch

hoch-harimeh

hoch-moussa-anjar

hochharimeh

hochmoussaanjar

homsiyeh

hosein

hosh-barada

hosh-el-rafika

hosh-snid

hosh-tal-safiya

hoshbarada

hoshelrafika

hoshsnid

hoshtalsafiya

hosrayel

houla

houmal

houmin-el-fawka

houmin-el-tahta

houminelfawka

houmineltahta

hrajel

hrebta

hsoun

iaal

ibrine

insariat

irzay

jabbouleh

jadra

jahlieh

jaj

jal-el-dib

jaleldib

janneh

janta

jarjouh

jarmak

jbaa-ain-bouswar

jbaaainbouswar

jbeih

jbeil

jdeideh

jdeideh-harharaya-kattine

jdeidehharharayakattine

jdeidet-el-chouf

jdeidet-marjeyoun

jdeidetelchouf

jdeidetmarjeyoun

jdita

jeb-jennine

jebal-el-botom

jebalelbotom

jebbine

jebchit

jebjennine

jeddayel

jeita

jernaya

jezzine

jezzine-ain-majdaleyn

jezzineainmajdaleyn

jiyeh

jmeyjmeh

jouar-el-hachich

jouarelhachich

jouaya

joun

jounieh

jouret-termos

jourettermos

kaah-el-rim

kaahelrim

kaakaiyat-el-snaoubar

kaakaiyatelsnaoubar

kaakaiyet-el-jisr

kaakaiyeteljisr

kab-elias-wadi-el-deloum

kabeliaswadieldeloum

kabrikha

kafarkela

kafra

kaftoun

kah

kahlounie

kalaway

kalhat

kamed-el-laouz

kamedellaouz

kana

kanat

kantara

karahbache

karaoun

karha

karkha

karm-el-moher

karmelmoher

karmsaddeh

kartaba

kasarnaba

kasser-fisane

kasserfisane

kattine-hidab

kattinehidab

kaukaba

kawkaba

kawthariyet-el-siyyad

kawthariyetelsiyyad

kawzah

kefraya

kehaleh

kelya

keserwan

ketermaya

keyfoun

kfar-abida

kfar-danis

kfaraamey

kfarabida

kfarakka

kfarchalane

kfarchima

kfarchouba

kfardanis

kfardebian

kfardlakos

kfardounine

kfarfakoud

kfarfalous

kfarfila

kfarfou

kfarfouk

kfarhabou

kfarhamam

kfarhata

kfarhatta

kfarhazir

kfarhim

kfarhouna

kfarjarrah

kfarkahel

kfarkatra

kfarkila

kfarmatta

kfarmechki

kfarmilke

kfarnabrakh

kfarniss

kfarremane

kfarsaroun

kfarsghab-morh

kfarsghab

kfarshakhna

kfarsir

kfartebnit

kfaryachit-besbeel

kfaryachitbesbeel

kfarzabad

kfarzeina

kfeir

kfour

kfour-el-arabi

kfourelarabi

khalwat

khartoum

khenchara

kherbet-qanafar

kherbet-rouha

kherbetqanafar

kherbetrouha

khiam

khirbet-selm

khirbetselm

khodr

khraibeh

khraybeh

khrayeb

klayaa

klayaat

knarite

knayse

kobayat

kobba

kolayleh

kommatyeh

kornayel

kornet-chehwan

kornetchehwan

kosba

kossaybeh

kouakh

kounine

kour-el-hawa}

koura

kourelhawa}

kousaya

krayeh

laat

labweh

laklouk

lala

lassa

lebaa

lebanon

lebbaya

lehfed

liban

louaizeh

loubieh

lubnan

maad

maarake

maaroub

maasser-beiteddine

maasser-el-chouf

maasserbeiteddine

maasserelchouf

maatn

maaysra

machghara

machmouche

maghdouché

mahroune

majadel

majdalzoun

majdel-anjar

majdel-balhiss

majdel-meouch

majdel-selem

majdelanjar

majdelbaana

majdelbalhiss

majdelmeouch

majdelselem

majdelyoun

majdloun

maknounieh

manara

mansoura

mansouri

mansourieh-ain-el-marej

mansouriehainelmarej

marej

mari

marj-el-zhour

marjelzhour

marjeyoun

markaba

maroun-el-ras

marounelras

marwahine

massa

massoudieh

mastita

maydoun

mayfadoun

mayfouk-kattara

mayfoukkattara

mayrouba

mays-el-jabal

mayseljabal

mazboud

mazraat-al-toufah

mazraat-el-chouf

mazraat-el-daher

mazraat-el-siyad

mazraat-es-siyad

mazraat-mechref

mazraataltoufah

mazraatelchouf

mazraateldaher

mazraatelsiyad

mazraatessiyad

mazraatmechref

mdoukha

mecherfeh

mechmech

mechref

meemarieh

mejdel

mejdel-zakzouk-wata-fares

mejdelzakzoukwatafares

mejdlaya

mekssi

merwanieh

metrite

mghayreh

mghayrie

mhaydseh

midane

mikna

mimass

mina

miniara

miniyeh-danniyeh

miniyehdanniyeh

minyeh

miriata-kadrieh

miriatakadrieh

mish-mish

mishmish

miye-ou-miye

miyeoumiye

mizyara-haref-hmayss-sakhra

mizyaraharefhmaysssakhra

mjeydel

mlikh

monsif

moukhtara

mount-lebanon

mountlebanon

mrah-sraj

mrahsraj

mrayjat

mristeh

naameh

nabatieh

nabatieh-el-fawka

nabatieh-el-tahta

nabatiehelfawka

nabatieheltahta

nabatiyeh

nabi-ayla

nabi-chit

nabi-othman

nabiayla

nabichit

nabiothman

nahr-ibrahim

nahribrahim

najjarieh

nakhleh

nakoura

namiriyeh

nemrine-bkaouza

nemrinebkaouza

niha

north-lebanon

northlebanon

oqayba

qartaba

qnaywer

raachine

rab-thalathine

rabthalathine

rachaya-el-fokhar

rachayaelfokhar

rachiine

rahbe

rajmeh

ram

ram-jbenniyeh

ramadiye

ramjbenniyeh

ramlieh

ras-baalbek

ras-el-hadis

ras-el-matn

ras-nahhache

ras-osta

rasbaalbek

raselhadis

raselmatn

rashaya

raskifa

rasmaska

rasnahhache

rasosta

rayfoun

rchaf

rechdebbine

rechknanay

rechmaya

remhala

rhit

rihaneh

rimat-chkadif

rimatchkadif

riyak-hoch-hala

riyakhochhala

rmayle

rmeich

rouaysset-el-neeman

rouayssetelneeman

roum

roumine

saadnayel

saayde

sabbah

safra

saghbine

saksakieh

salhieh

salima

saoufar

sarafand

sarba

sawaneh

sawiri

saydoun

sebhel

sebline

sehayleh

selaata

selha

semkanieh

serbine

serhel

seriine-el-fawka

seriine-el-tahta

seriineelfawka

seriineeltahta

serjbeil

sfaray

sfireh

shebaa

shikhan

siddikine

sidon

sin-el-fil

sinelfil

siney

sir

sir-el-gharbiyeh

sirelgharbiyeh

snaya

sohmor

sojod

souk-el-ghareb

soukelghareb

south-lebanon

southlebanon

srifa

sultan-yaakoub

sultanieh

sultanyaakoub

taalbeya

taanayel

taazanieh

tabarja-adma-dafne-kfaryassine

tabarjaadmadafnekfaryassine

tafahta

tallousseh

talya

tanbourit

tannoura

tannourine

tarane

taraya

tartej

tayba

taybeh

tayrdebba

tayrfelsay

tayrharfa

tebnine

teir-zebba

teirzebba

temnin-el-fawka

temnin-el-tahta

temninelfawka

temnineltahta

terbol

tiri

toula-aslout

toulaaslout

toura

tourza

tripoli

tyre

wadi-chahrour

wadi-faara

wadi-jezzine

wadi-sit

wadichahrour

wadifaara

wadijezzine

wadisit

warhanieh

wata-el-jawz

wataeljawz

wazzany

werdanieh

western-beqaa

westernbeqaa

yahchouch

yammouneh

yanouh

yanta

yarine

yaroun

yater

yehmor

yehmor-el-chekif

yehmorelchekif

younine

zaarouriye

zaaytre

zahle

zahlé-maalaka

zahlémaalaka

zalka

zan

zawtar-el-charkiyeh

zawtar-el-gharbiyeh

zawtarelcharkiyeh

zawtarelgharbiyeh

zebdin

zebdine

zefta

zeita

zeytoun

zgharta

zgharta-ehden

zghartaehden

zhalta

zibkin

zouk-mikael

zouk-mosbeh

zoukmikael

zoukmosbeh

 

 

 

Specific words and expressions

 

Certain expressions may not be registered within the .lb domain. The names are prohibited because they represent pornographic, defamatory or discriminatory expressions or other specific words and expressions whose registration LBDR feels should not be permitted. Even though it is not possible to prevent all such registrations, and even though the choice of domain name is the applicant's responsibility, it is desirable to restrict certain expressions.

 

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pedophile

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